Test Information Guide

Field 22: Physical Education
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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Physical Development and Motor Learning

Objective 0002
Understand principles and characteristics of motor development and motor learning.

1. The motor skill development of elementary children (ages 6 to 12) is typically characterized by:

  1. the emergence of fundamental motor skills.
  2. a leveling off of motor skill performance and acquisition.
  3. significant improvements in motor skills and the development of sport-specific skills.
  4. attainment of peak athletic performance and motor skill acquisition.
Correct Response: C.

Correct Response: C.

Objective 0003
Understand critical elements and sequences of locomotor, nonlocomotor, and manipulative skills.

2. Which of the following skills would be the most appropriate lead-up activity for familiarizing students with the movements needed to execute a forehand stroke with a racket?

  1. practicing throwing a flying disc with a snap of the wrist
  2. using a side-arm motion to strike a bounced ball with an open palm against a wall
  3. practicing batting a ball off of a batting tee
  4. using a closed-fist underhand striking motion to serve a lightweight ball to a partner
Correct Response: B.

Correct Response: B.

Objective 0004
Understand principles of biomechanics and kinesiology and their applications to movement activities.

3. Which of the following best describes why a player should extend his or her kicking leg when contacting a football during a punt?

  1. to extend the distance and time over which the player applies force to the football with the kicking foot
  2. to lessen the reaction of the force being exerted by the planted foot against the ground, which increases balance and stability
  3. to increase the radius from the axis of rotation, the hip joint, so that the kicking foot is moving faster than any other part of the leg on contact
  4. to decrease the flexion of the leg and hence the whiplash action of the kick, which reduces the risk of muscular injury
Correct Response: C.

Correct Response: C.

Movement Activities

Objective 0007
Understand techniques, skills, activities, and safety practices for aquatics, group and recreational activities, outdoor pursuits, and adventure learning.

4. As students perform the front crawl in a pool during an aquatics unit, the physical education teacher encourages them with the following cues.

"Point toes like a diver."

"Kick heels just to the surface and make the water boil."

"Roll chin to shoulder as you inhale."

These cues are intended to help students swim more efficiently by:

  1. reducing the effects of drag produced by moving in water.
  2. creating more power to move the body forward.
  3. placing less stress on the shoulders and knees while kicking.
  4. encouraging more efficient air exchange.
Correct Response: A.

Correct Response: A.

Objective 0008
Understand the relationship between movement activities and the development of responsible personal and social behaviors and traits.

5. During an educational gymnastics unit, a group of second-graders notice that some students are better at balancing, some are better at jumping, and some are better at tumbling. In response, the teacher remarks that different people are good at different things and everybody improves with practice. This comment reflects the teacher's awareness of the role of physical education in:

  1. familiarizing students with the principles of etiquette and fair play.
  2. minimizing variations in physical ability and fitness level.
  3. fostering students' integrated use of nonlocomotor and locomotor skills.
  4. promoting awareness and respect for diverse talents and abilities.
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.

Principles of Physical Fitness

Objective 0009
Understand principles of exercise physiology, physical fitness, and fitness training.

6. In a wellness program, physical activity plays a key role in relieving stress and muscular tension primarily because it:

  1. causes muscle fibers to produce lactic acid, which acts as a lubricant for joints and connective tissue.
  2. stimulates glycogen production in the blood and liver, making it readily available for uptake by muscles.
  3. puts tight muscles to work, thereby releasing pent-up energy and helping muscle tissue return to a normal state.
  4. requires the participant to focus on maintaining core strength, thereby relaxing respiratory muscles.
Correct Response: C.

Correct Response: C.

Objective 0011
Understand principles and activities for promoting flexibility, muscular strength, and endurance.

7. Which of the following is a major benefit of improved flexibility due to regular stretching?

  1. reduced risk of glandular and skin disorders
  2. increased bone density
  3. improved posture and body symmetry
  4. increased muscle size
Correct Response: C.

Correct Response: C.

The Physical Education Program

Objective 0014
Understand physical education instruction, including how to adapt activities to address special needs and promote maximum inclusion.

8. During a circus arts unit, several juggling stations are set up in the physical education learning space. Different objects such as scarves, beanbags, balls, and small plastic hoops and bowling pins are available at the stations. Students may move to different stations at will, providing implements are available, and may juggle with one, two, or three objects. Which of the following best describes a primary advantage of this type of setup?

  1. It minimizes the possibility that off-task behavior will occur.
  2. It allows student choice in selecting entry levels into the activity.
  3. It prompts students to use a skills-progression approach to juggling.
  4. It encourages students to engage in peer assessment techniques.
Correct Response: B.

Correct Response: B.

Objective 0015
Understand physical education assessment strategies and techniques.

9. Which line on the chart below matches a component of health-related physical fitness with an appropriate FITNESSGRAM® procedure for assessing that fitness component?

Line Component FITNESSGRAM® Procedure
1 aerobic capacity push-up test
2 flexibility skinfold measurements
3 muscular strength and endurance curl-up test
4 body composition back-saver sit and reach
  1. Line 1
  2. Line 2
  3. Line 3
  4. Line 4
Correct Response: C.

Correct Response: C.

Objective 0016
Understand legal, ethical, and safety standards and issues in physical education.

10. Which of the following is mandated by Public Law 94-142, now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and its subsequent amendments (IDEA 1990 and IDEA 1997)?

  1. Daily physical education must be provided to children with disabilities.
  2. Specific grade-level standards and outcomes for K–12 physical education must be developed for children with disabilities.
  3. Block scheduling of physical education must be available to children with disabilities.
  4. All children with disabilities must be provided with a physical education program designed to meet individual and specific motor needs.
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.