Test Information Guide

Field 21: Health/Family and Consumer Sciences
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions

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A Healthy Lifestyle

Objective 0001
Understand human body systems and characteristics of human growth and development as they impact health decisions made throughout the life span.

1. Which of the following accurately describes an important aspect of the functioning of the circulatory system?

  1. Capillaries protect the body from disease by producing antibodies that kill bacteria.
  2. Arteries carry blood away from the heart, while veins transport blood back to the heart.
  3. Platelets facilitate the transport of nutrients and wastes into and out of the blood.
  4. White blood cells carry oxygen to the body, while red blood cells cause blood to clot.
Correct Response: B.

Correct Response: B.

Objective 0002
Understand the role of food science and proper nutrition in maintaining and enhancing health.

2. Which of the following food preparation techniques would best retain the nutritional value of cooked vegetables?

  1. increasing surface areas of vegetables before cooking
  2. boiling vegetables and draining off the water
  3. adding baking soda to the water when cooking vegetables
  4. steaming vegetables with minimal water
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.

Objective 0004
Understand human sexuality and strategies for promoting sexual and reproductive health.

3. Which of the following best describes why many educational professionals discourage allowing children to watch movies and television programs starring adolescent characters who are sexually active?

  1. Children may feel uncomfortable and embarrassed by the sexual behavior depicted in movies and on television.
  2. Early sexual activity is often depicted in movies and on television as normal, fun, exciting, and free of risks.
  3. Children will become fearful of forming sexual relationships in the future.
  4. Depictions of early sexual activity create confusion in children about adult gender-role behaviors.
Correct Response: B.

Correct Response: B.

Family and Emotional Health

Objective 0005
Understand principles and strategies for maintaining mental and emotional health and for managing stress.

4. Which of the following traits is likely to have the greatest positive effect on an individual's mental and emotional health?

  1. having the resiliency to adapt to change and handle challenging events in flexible ways
  2. establishing and valuing consistently high standards and expectations for self and others
  3. developing a general outlook of cynicism or skepticism to alleviate disappointment
  4. remaining resolute about relying on oneself to deal with troubling or challenging events
Correct Response: A.

Correct Response: A.

Objective 0007
Understand the significance of the family in society and parenting strategies and skills that support healthy family relationships.

5. To help support the emotional development of children in the upper elementary and middle school grades, which of the following practices is most important to use when enforcing discipline rules and consequences?

  1. giving children opportunities to explain their side of the story and express their feelings and concerns
  2. directing children to adopt an acceptable behavior after saying no or expressing displeasure about a child's actions
  3. giving children at least three warnings about unacceptable behavior before following through with a consequence
  4. praising children's ability to accept behavioral limits and consequences without arguing or asking for explanations
Correct Response: A.

Correct Response: A.

Safety and Prevention

Objective 0008
Understand the nature, control, and prevention of illness and disease.

6. Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease can best be described as:

  1. degenerative diseases of the nervous system.
  2. autoimmune diseases of the lymphatic system.
  3. chronic diseases of the skeletal system.
  4. congenital diseases of the circulatory system.
Correct Response: A.

Correct Response: A.

Objective 0010
Understand principles, strategies, and techniques for enhancing safety, preventing and treating injuries, and responding to emergencies.

7. Which of the following best describes an appropriate first aid procedure for the treatment of second-degree burns?

  1. Apply antiseptic ointment to the burned area.
  2. Use a sterile gauze pad to break any blisters in the burned area.
  3. Apply butter or shortening to the burned area.
  4. Immerse the burned area in cool water.
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.

Objective 0011
Understand principles of conflict resolution and violence prevention.

8. Two students fighting on school grounds are referred for peer mediation. A peer mediator is assigned who will meet with both students to help them manage their anger toward each other. The peer mediator should begin this process by first:

  1. developing a formal agreement for the students to sign.
  2. engaging the students in brainstorming solutions.
  3. determining an effective way to monitor the students' progress.
  4. helping the students agree on a definition of the problem.
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.

Resource Management and Community Health

Objective 0012
Understand consumer and environmental principles and skills for accessing, evaluating, and managing health and family resources.

9. On web sites that post collections of information about health and consumer topics, which of the following is most important to look for in evaluating credibility?

  1. an explanation of how the information is formatted
  2. identification of the original sources of information
  3. a brief description of why the site was created
  4. the number of visitors to each page on the web site
Correct Response: B.

Correct Response: B.

Objective 0014
Understand key health and family and consumer sciences concepts and skills.

10. For a family and consumer sciences project, students choose a popular commercial diet plan, investigate its nutritional content and guidelines, and prepare a brief report on its potential effects on an individual's health. This type of project is likely to be particularly effective for promoting students' use of:

  1. a decision-making model to resolve a health issue.
  2. short-term goal-setting and monitoring skills.
  3. problem-solving steps to examine a health problem.
  4. critical-thinking and health risk-assessment skills.
Correct Response: D.

Correct Response: D.